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MXIC MX 25L8006E M2I-12G, 8MBit SPI Flash, SOIC-8 CMOS Serial flash. Data sheet.
The 10 lines JTAG and PWR connectors are most probably used for flashing the device during production.
Those connectors are suspicious: Solid State Logic uses the same connectors for their 500 series console modules. Can the interface be used in a different setting? All connections seem to go somewhere.