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[title] Solid State Drive (SSD)
[* icon_reminder] There areThis guide covers 3 SSD formats introduced around the era that are coveredformats: SATA, mSATA and PCIe (AHCI). '''When picking an SSD, findImportant: Many drives are not properly validated in Linux, especially when it comes to the implementation of TRIM. Purchase a drive withfrom a reputable vendor that is confirmed to have the least amount offewest problems in Linux. There are some drives that are known to not work well in Linux.'''
[* icon_caution] In many Linux distros, TRIM has to be enabled manually. Part of the reason for this is not enabled by default in most Linux distros, since some SSD's have problemsdrives with TRIM under Linux (Checkimplementations that cause problems. To enable TRIM, check the documentation for your distro's documentation to see howdistro to enable it). Some SSD's work perfectly, while others have problemsit. '''Note: If theIn some cases, there may be a problem does not get fixed, the offending feature typicallywith a drive that never gets blacklisted atfixed. If this happens, the kernel levelbad feature(s) are blacklisted.'''
[* black] '''16-64GB:''' Most vendors do not produceDue to the cost of production, many of these drives anymore for cost reasons. Some companiesare discontinued. While most vendors have discontinued these, there are still do, buta handful of new ones left. These drives have been superseded by 128GB SSD's. '''While they are a rare find. 128GB SSD's have largely replacedfind band new, these small SSD's, since they oftendrives do not cost much more. They may show up in used systems, but are hardfrom time to find new. '''Finding these SSD's new is rare, but they do show up usedtime.'''
[* black] '''128GB:''' DueDue to the smaller size of these drives, these typically onlydo not work well as low costa primary drive. While they do not work as a primary drive, they work well as an OS drivesdrive. '''While 128GB SSD's are typically too small to rely onuse as a primary drive, they work well if they are limited to being treated as low cost OS boot drives. However, 256GB SSD's usually do not cost much more to buy, when compared to 128GBdrives.'''
[* black] '''256GB:''' While still considered small, this size is generally consideredthese drives are typically going to be the best value. These drives canThey don't work as a primary drive, paired with an external hard drive. '''256GB drives are typically considered the smallest drive worth buying for most users. Using one aslocal storage heavy users, but can work for someone who does not need a primarylarge drive successfully requires spreading files between two drives.'''for storage (or are willing to use external media for larger files).
[* black] '''512GB:''' While 512GB SSD's are still somewhat expensive, butthey have come down in price, especially if you may find a cheaper drive that will sacrifice someare okay with trading small amounts of theoretical speed for a lower price. The pricecapacity. This is the recommended starting point if it will depend on your willingness to trade off some drive speed. '''Atbe the bare minimum for a primary drive, the best starting size is 512GB. Consider trading some performance for a better price.'''only installed drive.
[* black] '''1TB:''' The 1TB size group is one of the larger sizes that are readilyThese SSD's only recently became available to consumersconsmers. Right now, I do not recommendthe biggest problem with these drives as theis going to be cost is still on the higher end. '''Eventuallybecause they are so new. These drives are simply too expensive for the time being, until prices on these drives will drop. Until the price drops substantially, these drives are not worth buying. These price cuts WILL take some time.'''start to come down.
[* black] '''2TB:''' 2TB consumer SSD's are relatively new. The pricing for these isBecause of this, the prices are even higher then it is for the 1TB SSD's as well. Wait for a substantial price drop before you buy one of these drives. '''DueThe prices are likely to take even longer then the insane prices on these1TB drives at this time, these drives cost too much to recommend. It isas well, so it's best to wait foron a majorsubstantial price reduction.'''drop. Right now, they are simply too expensive.
[* icon_reminder] There areThis guide covers 3 SSD formats introduced around the era that are coveredformats: SATA, mSATA and PCIe (AHCI). '''When picking an SSD, findImportant: Many drives are not properly validated in Linux, especially when it comes to the implementation of TRIM. Purchase a drive withfrom a reputable vendor that is confirmed to have the least amount offewest problems in Linux. There are some drives that are known to not work well in Linux.'''
[* icon_caution] In many Linux distros, TRIM has to be enabled manually. Part of the reason for this is not enabled by default in most Linux distros, since some SSD's have problemsdrives with TRIM under Linux (Checkimplementations that cause problems. To enable TRIM, check the documentation for your distro's documentation to see howdistro to enable it). Some SSD's work perfectly, while others have problemsit. '''Note: If theIn some cases, there may be a problem does not get fixed, the offending feature typicallywith a drive that never gets blacklisted atfixed. If this happens, the kernel levelbad feature(s) are blacklisted.'''
[* black] '''16-64GB:''' Most vendors do not produceDue to the cost of production, many of these drives anymore for cost reasons. Some companiesare discontinued. While most vendors have discontinued these, there are still do, buta handful of new ones left. These drives have been superseded by 128GB SSD's. '''While they are a rare find. 128GB SSD's have largely replacedfind band new, these small SSD's, since they oftendrives do not cost much more. They may show up in used systems, but are hardfrom time to find new. '''Finding these SSD's new is rare, but they do show up usedtime.'''
[* black] '''128GB:''' DueDue to the smaller size of these drives, these typically onlydo not work well as low costa primary drive. While they do not work as a primary drive, they work well as an OS drivesdrive. '''While 128GB SSD's are typically too small to rely onuse as a primary drive, they work well if they are limited to being treated as low cost OS boot drives. However, 256GB SSD's usually do not cost much more to buy, when compared to 128GBdrives.'''
[* black] '''256GB:''' While still considered small, this size is generally consideredthese drives are typically going to be the best value. These drives canThey don't work as a primary drive, paired with an external hard drive. '''256GB drives are typically considered the smallest drive worth buying for most users. Using one aslocal storage heavy users, but can work for someone who does not need a primarylarge drive successfully requires spreading files between two drives.'''for storage (or are willing to use external media for larger files).
[* black] '''512GB:''' While 512GB SSD's are still somewhat expensive, butthey have come down in price, especially if you may find a cheaper drive that will sacrifice someare okay with trading small amounts of theoretical speed for a lower price. The pricecapacity. This is the recommended starting point if it will depend on your willingness to trade off some drive speed. '''Atbe the bare minimum for a primary drive, the best starting size is 512GB. Consider trading some performance for a better price.'''only installed drive.
[* black] '''1TB:''' The 1TB size group is one of the larger sizes that are readilyThese SSD's only recently became available to consumersconsmers. Right now, I do not recommendthe biggest problem with these drives as theis going to be cost is still on the higher end. '''Eventuallybecause they are so new. These drives are simply too expensive for the time being, until prices on these drives will drop. Until the price drops substantially, these drives are not worth buying. These price cuts WILL take some time.'''start to come down.
[* black] '''2TB:''' 2TB consumer SSD's are relatively new. The pricing for these isBecause of this, the prices are even higher then it is for the 1TB SSD's as well. Wait for a substantial price drop before you buy one of these drives. '''DueThe prices are likely to take even longer then the insane prices on these1TB drives at this time, these drives cost too much to recommend. It isas well, so it's best to wait foron a majorsubstantial price reduction.'''drop. Right now, they are simply too expensive.