Well Yes & No...
Technically phones & most tablets have Flash drives which is a type of solid state drive (SSD). The term SSD covers quite a lot of devices some removable others not. In this case this one is not removable. Review the image below Green is the CPU, Orange is RAM and the Yellow boxed area is your flash storage:
As for copying over your stuff to your PC. Most tablets have a backup program (or you can locate one for your device) so if you loose the tablet you can recover your stuff to a new one (there are some limitations here).
As to being able to use the information from within your PC that may be possible depending on what the app is, how its stored and your PC.
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